If a person is stopped for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, one of the tests commonly given by police is called the horizontal gaze nystagmus. The flashing hazard lights on the police car or police car headlights can cause optokinetic nystagmus that the arresting officer will misdiagnose as horizontal gaze nystagmus.
Under Pennsylvania's medical amnesty law, if a person in good faith calls and believes he or she is the first to call 911, the police, an ambulance, or campus security, and also gives their name and stays with the person to prevent that person's death or serious injury, the caller is immune from prosecution for consumption or possession of alcohol or drugs.
In Pennsylvania, if a person is convicted of any offense involving the possession, sale, delivery, or giving away of any controlled substance, such as marijuana, cocaine, or heroin, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDoT) will suspend that person's driver's license.
If you were a defendant in a case involving drug charges that were tested in a laboratory, you may be interested in the following story.
Everybody has heard how the court system is backed up and clogged with so many cases. The following is a letter to the editor printed in The Wall Street Journal. The letter was written by a retired state court trial judge. It may help to shed some light on the "backlog" problem. The letter reads: